CHINA INSISTS COVID-19 VIRUS COULD NOT HAVE COME FROM YUNNAN
Chinese health officials pushed Wednesday to expand the search for the origins of the coronavirus beyond China, one day after the release of a closely watched World Health Organization (WHO) report on the issue, Ken MOritsugu reported for the Associated Press.
They also rejected criticism that China did not give enough data to a WHO team of international experts that visited Wuhan, the Chinese city where the first cases were detected, earlier this year.
“If we limit the study of origin within China, I think this is a scientific misunderstanding, because the source is still unclear,” said Liang Wannian, the head of the Chinese team that worked with the WHO group of experts. He said the experts agreed that the place where the first case was identified is not necessarily where the virus emerged.
“Based on this scientific consensus, we should have a broader viewpoint in terms of sourcing,” he said. Yet, China ordered all wildlife farms in Yunnan province shut down and all the animals burned after the outbreak in Wuhan, suggesting Beijing knew the virus came from Yunnan. Only the Chinese are known to feast on bats and pangolins.
Experts agree that the virus could have come from elsewhere, with neighboring countries in Southeast Asia a prime possibility but China’s insistence on broadening the research seems partly politically motivated in the face of Western criticism.
The WHO report concluded that the virus or a progenitor of it was most likely carried by a bat, which infected another animal that infected a human. Researchers have not been able to trace the bat or the intermediate animal yet, but suspicion has fallen on bat habitats in Yunnan in southwest China or nearby Southeast Asia.
Bats found in Yunnan harbor coronaviruses that have 96% affinity to the COVID-19 virus. Worse, 24 different kinds of bat coronaviruses were found in a very limited area of Yunnan, which produces bats for wildlife markets in China.
Dominic Dwyer, an Australian expert on the WHO team, said although it can be argued they should have been allowed to visit Wuhan earlier, the team got “very good cooperation” from their Chinese colleagues.
“Yes, there are more things that perhaps we might have been given,” he told the Australian broadcaster ABC. “But in general terms, they gave us a lot of data that the world hasn’t seen before and we were able to analyze that.” Japan’s government spokesperson, Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato, echoed concerns expressed by the U.S. government, the European Union and others.
“We are concerned that this investigation faced delays and the lack of access to virus samples,” he said Wednesday. He called for a “prompt, independent and expert-led investigation that is free of surveillance.”